With more than 30 million documented infections and 1 million deaths worldwide, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues unabated. The clinical spectrum of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) 2 infection ranges from asymptomatic infection to life-threatening and fatal disease. Approximately 20 million people globally have “recovered”; however, clinicians observe and read reports of patients with persistent severe symptoms and even substantial end-organ dysfunction after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Because COVID-19 is a new disease, much about the clinical course remains uncertain—particularly the possible long-term health consequences, if any.
What is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a newly recognized condition that can occur in people who have had a cold or the flu. It is characterized by lingering symptoms that may occur weeks, months, or even years after the illness, mainly when a rhinovirus causes it. Symptoms include shortness of breath, a lingering cough, heart palpitations, dizziness, lightheadedness, fatigue, and sleep disturbances.
What should you do if you have symptoms of COVID-19?
If you believe you have been exposed to COVID-19 and are worried about developing symptoms, you should contact your physician immediately. Be sure to tell your doctor about your travel history, particularly if you have traveled to areas where the virus is prevalent. Your doctor may order COVID-19 Testing to help evaluate your symptoms, including a chest X-ray, blood tests, and an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG).
long-term effects of COVID-19?
It is well known that the novel coronavirus can cause a range of long-term effects, from mild illness to severe respiratory problems. However, what is less well known is that some people continue to experience symptoms for months after the initial illness has passed. These long-term effects can include fatigue, shortness of breath, and other issues that can significantly affect a person’s quality of life. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you must seek help from your physician or a specialized post-COVID clinic. Additionally, if you are struggling with anxiety, fear, or depressed mood due to your experience with COVID-19, it is also essential to seek professional help. By COVID-19Testingg and getting the support you need, you can begin to heal and move on from this challenging time.
A few long-term effects of COVID-19 are listed below:
Breathing Issues after COVID-19
Chronic shortness of breath can be caused by even the mildest of COVID-19 infections, which can lead to scarring and other long-term lung damage.
SARS-CoV-2 infection might cause inflammation of the heart muscle in some persons. The research found that people healed from COVID-19 may still be experiencing symptoms including shortness of breath and palpitations because of continuing cardiac inflammation. Even in those with a minor case of COVID-19 and who had no prior medical concerns, this inflammation occurred.
If the coronavirus infection induces kidney damage, this could increase the risk of renal disease and the necessity of dialysis in the long run.
According to neurologist Arun Venkatesan, brain fog, lethargy, headaches, and dizziness can all be signs of long-term COVID infection. Although the exact etiology of these symptoms remains a mystery, researchers are working on it.”
Problems with cognition and mental health
COVID-19 can cause anxiety, depression, and cognitive problems. Johns Hopkins experts in psychiatry, cognition (thinking, reasoning, and remembering), and mental health studied COVID-19’sCOVID-19’s impact on mental and emotional well-being.
Cognitive damage from acute coronavirus infection can be devastating. Long-term COVID patients may face changes in how they think, concentrate, communicate, and remember, limiting their ability to work or do daily tasks.
Some persons with post-COVID anxiety, sadness, and other mental health concerns. Long periods of isolation, job loss and financial troubles, grief from loved ones’ deaths, and ill health can exacerbate pain and weakness.
Post-Intensive Care Syndrome
Recovering from COVID-19 hospitalization is difficult. Post-intensive care syndrome, or PICS, puts COVID-19 survivors and other ICU patients at risk for mental health, cognition, and physical recovery.
Extended stays in the ICU can promote delirium, says Megan Hosey, Ph.D. The unique environment, many mind-altering medicines, seclusion, and loss of control can cause PTSD in individuals (PTSD).
Many patients hallucinate that doctors are trying to hurt them, adds Hosey. Patients have told us, “I believed I was being buried alive” in an MRI.
Prevention and treatment
As part of the recovery process, it is essential to ensure that you get adequate sleep, eat well, and stay healthy. Sleep is essential because COVID-19 is a virus that is spread through the air and can be a trigger for symptoms, so getting a good night’s sleep will help your body recover throughout the day. Also, eating a balanced diet and reducing your intake of sugar, saturated fats, and alcohol will help you recover. If you are experiencing any symptoms impacting your daily life, it is essential to seek your doctor’s help to get back to feeling like your old self.
How to avoid transmission?
The best way to avoid transmission to others is to recover completely. However, this may take some time. The best way to avoid transmission to others is to avoid close contact with others when you have symptoms and are recovering. If you are infected with the virus and have symptoms, you are most contagious, from when you begin to feel ill to about five days after your symptoms begin. If you recover from the illness, you can still transmit the virus to others from two to three weeks after symptoms begin.
As you can see, many possible symptoms can last for months after a COVID-19 exposure. While most people will recover without any long-term effects, it is crucial to have yourself checked out by your doctor as soon as possible. If you have any questions, you can ask in the comment box below. Thank you for reading, and we hope this blog post has helped you learn more about the long-term effects of COVID-19.